#18. chromatic

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chromatic:
(9 letters | 3 syllables)
(scrabble score – 13 points)
(First use- 1597)

1.(adj)
able to refract light without spectral color separation

2.(adj)
based on a scale consisting of 12 semitones.

3.(adj)
being or having or characterized by hue.
(wolfram)

Chromatic
(adj) [L. chromaticus, Gr. suited for color, fr. color; akin to color, skin, color of the skin.]

  1. Relating to color, or to colors.
  2. (Music.) Proceeding by the smaller intervals (half steps or semitones) of the scale, instead of the regular intervals of the diatonic scale.
    The intermediate tones were formerly written and printed in colors.
    (Websters 1913 dictionary)

Origin
1590-1600; Greek chrōmatikós, equivalent to chrōmat- (see chromato-) + -ikos -ic.

(adj)
1.
pertaining to color or colors.
2.
(Music)
involving a modification of the normal scale by the use of accidentals.
progressing by semitones, especially to a tone having the same letter name, as in C to C sharp.
(Dictionary.com)

chromatic:
1a. of or relating to color or color phenomena or sensations
1b. highly colored

2:of or relating to chroma (quality of color)

3a : of, relating to, or giving all the tones of the chromatic scale
3b : characterized by frequent use of accidentals (musical notes out of key with a signature).

Origin and Etymology of chromatic:
Greek chrōmatikos, from chrōmat-, chrōma skin, color, modified tone; akin to Greek chrōs color.

(Merriam Webster)

other interesting “chroma
chroma:  a quality of color combining hue and saturation.
dichromatism:  partial color blindness in which only two colors are perceptible.
chromatic aberration: aberration caused by differences in the refraction of (1.) light at different frequencies. (2.) colored rays on a spectrum.
chromatics: musical scale consisting of half-steps.

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About Justin Arn

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